Commandment Keepers Ethiopian Hebrew Congregation

Beth Ha-Tefilah Headquarters Synagogue

From the Desk of

Rabbi Dawid Ya'qob Zechariah HaLewi ibn Abraham

A Guidance System Between The Eyes


Tefillin or Phylacteries

The Torah Pattern, Design And Laws.

The Jews call it the tefillin. The Greeks call it the phylactery.

Written by Moses during the exodus around 1500 BC, he describes the laws governing the tefillin. The Jews also claim that Moses gave them instructions on how to construct the tefillin and these were handed down by tradition.

SHEMA. Hear, O Israel! The Lord is our God, the Lord is One!

You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might.

» Torah.These words which I am commanding you today shall be on your heart. You shall teach them diligently to your sons and shall talk of them when you sit in your house and when you walk by the way and when you lie down and when you rise up.

» Tefillin (On the Hand). You shall bind them as a sign on your hand

» Tefillin (Between the Eyes). and they shall be as frontals between the eyes [on your forehead].

» Mezuzah. And you shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates. (Deuteronomy 6: 4-9)


Three different objects containing quotes from the law were created from this law.

  • Head Tefillin. Strapped on the forehead just above the hair line, not the nose.
  • Hand Tefillin. Strapped on the dominant hand.
  • Mezuzah. Nailed to the post of the door.

Neuroscience: Tefillin Brain Structure In The Torah

The tefillin is patterned after the system which monitors and controls the messages between the brain and the body through the nervous and circulatory system. Hormones secreted from the pituitary gland help control the following body processes: growth, blood pressure, water regulation and balance, temperature regulation, thyroid function, metabolism, pain relief, sleeping patterns (hiberntion, clocks), stimulation of uterine contractions during childbirth, breast milk production, and sex organ functions.

» The Tefillin Design. It is a black cube, made from calf skin in which four Torah verses that prescribe its use are written on scrolls.

The Cube. The Tefillin is a black box in the shape of a cube.

  • The Tefillin Box. There are two tefillin (tefillah) applied to the body with leather straps.
  • Head Tefillin. Placed on the forehead at the hairline, it has four separate compartments with four different scrolls containing one copy of the law.
  • Hand Tefillin. Placed on the dominant hand, it has one compartment with all four laws witten on one scroll.
  • Base. It sits on a base.
  • Straps. It has straps threaded through the base which exit on either side.
  • Letter Shin (Teeth, Consume). It has the letter Shin painted on two sides. Value = 300.
  • Knot. It is tied to the body with a special knot shaped like a Hebrew letter.
  • Head Tefillin - Dalet (Door). Tied to the back of the head at the base. Value = 4.
  • Hand Tefillin - Yod (Power, Closed Hand). Wrapped around the arm and fingers. Value = 10.

» The Brain Design. Two systems represents what controls the mind and body. One is the master controller which makes decisions and gives instructions and the second is the slave or subservient and submissive controller which carries out the functions. The straps bind the controllers to the systems.

  • The Tefillin Box. There are two black boxes, in the shape of a cube, each with their controllers.
  • Head Tefillin. It controls the brain or the will. This is the master controller.
  • Hand Tefillin. It controls the body. This is the slave controller which carries out the will.
  • The Cube In A Box. It is cube on several levels. It is a master protected inside a box. First it is the brain, then it describes the purpose of the frontal lobe, then it describes the purpose of the pituitary sitting inside the sella turcica.
  • Sella-Turcica And Pituitary Gland. It sits inside a cube-shaped bone box called the sella Turcica. It controls hormones and affect emotions and the immune system through a complex circuitry in the hypothalamus.
  • Skull And Brain. The brain is protected in a bone box called the skull.
  • Cerebral Cortex Frontal Lobe. All thought and reasoning is managed in the frontal lobe.
  • Hippocampus. In the hippocampus is a map of an internal GPS to manage orientation.
  • Base. The straps are threaded through a base above the box. The base controls desire for what the master needs through hunger and thirst.
  • Straps. All systems which hold the controller-Box are managed by reins like straps which control a horse. These are the hormonal pathways, the messages through the five senses like electromagnetic waves (images, sound, touch) and chemicals (drugs, food, smell, taste) the circulatory system and even the immune system. The hypothalamus is a key controlling mechanism which ties many of these systems together.
  • Knot (Cross Over) Optic Chiasm. The straps cross over from one side to the other.
  • Letter (Box And Knot). Each box is labelled with a letter and each strap is tied in a knot in the form of a letter that defines its purpose.
  • Letter: Shin (Teeth, Consume). The controllers consume products that it needs. What do they consume?
    The brain consumes messages from the five senses and the chemical messages from drugs, hormones and the blood.
  • Head Tefillin - Dalet (Door). It describes the entrances into the box through the straps.
  • Hand Tefillin - Yod (Power, Closed Hand). It describes the type of power used to enforce the dictates of the will.
  • Binding The Will. If one can get the master to be subservient to the slave, then the will can be compromised. Factors such as hypnosis, addictions which magnify the effects of hormones like dopamine and any external controllers like other humans or factors like terror can overide the frontal lobe and give the secondary systems control.
  • Temporary Control. The flight or fight mechanism is an example of the brain voluntarily giving temporary control to the hormonal system. Hypnosis can work if you voluntarily give permisson to someone you trust or for a response you desire. However, while control is given to another, a third controller can take over.
  • Permanent Control. It can be taken away by a malevolent force which can only come in through some form of addiction administered through any of the five senses.

The Moral Design: A Guidance System Between The Eyes

The Torah and the brain both indicate that we have a biological guidance system located between our eyes.

God is indicating that somewhere between our eyes is the capacity to love Him deeply. If you can keep the SHEMA and obey the law and train the space of the brain that is located between the eyes, you can achieve this love.


The pituitary gland is the master gland that regulates all other endocrine glands. It is located in the front of the brain, directly between the eyes.

» The Biological Tefillin: A Bone Box Behind The Eyes (Sella Turcica).

The pituitary is a red gland the size of a pea that is protected by a cavity in the sphenoid bone which surrounds it like a box! The bone is in the back, directly behind the eyes, near the base of the skull. The gland sits in a square or cube depression in the sphenoid called the sella turcica.

Moral Guidance. Other structures in this region are related to our mental and moral decision making systems.

  • Eyes: The Sights And Images. The images you see and the behavior you associate with it can set up a powerful addiction through the dopamine system. From the chiams the nerves go to the optic tract to the occipital lobe at the back f the brain.
    Addiction to pornography will shrink the brain causing an injury like frontal lobe trauma of a car accident.
    I will set no wicked thing before mine eyes: I hate the work of them that turn aside; it shall not cleave to me. (Psalm 101: 3)
  • Ears: The Sounds (Vestibular System). The straps of the tefillin are pass the ears and tied to the back of the head. The vestibulocochlear nerve transmits sound and equilibrium (balance) information from the inner ear to the back of the brain in the pons where nerves for eye movement, equilibrium and hearing are located. It works with the eyes to manage balance through the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR).
    Just as we should control the things we see, we should also control what we hear. God also confirms our instructions through sound.
    In
    a dream, in a vision of the night, when deep sleep falleth upon men, in slumberings upon the bed; Then he openeth the ears of men, and sealeth their instruction. (Job 33: 15-16)
  • The Head Tefillin Straps (Optic Chiasm). The visual picture is even more amazing. The straps that tie the tefillin to the forehead are tied in a knot with the ends dangling to form an "X" shape. This is the shape and appearance of the crossed optic nerve (Optic Chiasm). The point where they cross is above the sella turcica through the hypothalamus. Being experts in slaughtering animals, the Jews must have seen this nerve structure connected to the eye, but how could they have known that the little gland in the square bone below and in that region are responsible for our moral decisions? Did they know that they can control their behavior like the reins of a horse? You are in control of your destiny.
    I the Lord search the heart, I try the reins, even to give every man according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings. (Jeremiah 17: 10)
    God teaches you how it works. Then it is your decision and your choice and He will assist you.
  • Base (Hypothalamus). It controls hunger and thirst. It is the area above the sella turcica which is connected by nerves and blood vessels to the posterior lobe and control the secretions from the pituitary. It is represented by the base of the tefillin which is connected to the box. The straps pass through the base just like the optic nerves pass through the hypothalamus above the sella.
  • Pituitary Gland. The master gland that controls all other glands and growth, metabolism and maturation.
  • » Two Lobes (Anterior and Posterior Pituitary). The two boxes (head and hand tefillin). Each lobe has groups of cells (factories) which specialize in producing one hormone. The number of factories correspond to the number of compartments in each tefillin plus the base.
  • Anterior Pituitary (5). The head tefillin has four compartments and a base. This lobe produces Cortisol (ACTH), Growth Hormone (Somatotropin), Prolactin, Gonadotropin ("sex hormones") and tyrotropin (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone).
  • Posterior Pituitary (2). The hand tefillin has one compartment and a base. This lobe produces Vasopressin (Antidiuretic Diuretic Hormone (ADH)), and Oxytocin. These are released directly from the nerves into the blood stream.
    Hormones induce, regulate and control almost all bodily functions. Therefore most disorders and many diseases result from hormonal imbalance. So God's promise to "heal all our diseases" if we obey His law is based in the science of the pituitary.
  • » The Forbidden Fruit. It is suspended within the box by hanging from the pituitary stalk like a protected fruit. It is the target of the forbidden fruit fiasco because out if it comes wickedness and unrighteousness, good and evil.
  • Frontal Lobe. The tefillin sits on the front of the brain that makes executive decions which control personality, decision making, planning, and behavior regulation, emotion and complex thought. There are three main areas which interact with the limbic system.
  • Cerebral Cortex or Prefrontal Cortex (PFC). This is the last section of the brain to mature (age 25). It allows humans to decide on actions and balance immediate reward with long-term goals. It makes decisions on actions, encouraging wise, acceptable choices and regulating behavior to make choices between right and wrong, delaying gratification and consider future consequences. It suppresses and controls intense emotions, sexual urges and impulses.
    Some studies have found weak interconnections between the PFC and the rest of the brain among criminals, sociopaths, drug addicts, and schizophrenics.
  • Orbitofrontal Cortex. It is located above the eyes. Involved in decision making, guilt, anxiety, paranoia and morality.
  • Cingulate Gyrus. Part of the lymbic lobe, it is involved in thinking about self and autonomic functions (heart rate, blood pressure) It registers physical pain as well as rational cognitive functions, such as reward anticipation, decision-making, empathy, impulse control, and emotion.
  • Limbic System. This affects emotion and pleasure, memories, sex, hunger, sleep, judgment, mood, insight, motivation and impulse control. It is a combination of several structures which control the endocrine system and the autonomic nervous system with the hormones and neurotransmitters (dopamine, serotonin, endorphins, adrenaline, norepinephrine, oxytocin, GABA and glutamate).
  • Striatum. Coordination center for the limbic system and chemical messages.
  • Hippocampus. It records details about data and facts without emotion and sends it to the cortex. It consolidates information from short-term memory to long-term memory and spatial navigation. It is located under the cerebral cortex and in the medial temporal lobe, underneath the cortical surface in primates.
  • Parahippocampal Gyrus. This region plays an important role in memory encoding and retrieval. Parahippocampal place area (PPA) plays an important role in the encoding and recognition of environmental scenes (rather than faces).
    The fusiform face area (FFA) in the fusiform gyrus, is a nearby region that is important for face recognition and recognizing fine distinctions between well-known objects.
    Both may be important for learning and recognizing the Bible and its symbols.
  • Substantia Nigra. Working through the striatum, it is important in eye movement, motor planning, reward-seeking, learning, and addiction.
  • Mesolimbic System. Food cravings, sex, hallucinations, delusions.
  • Basal Ganglia. Located at the base of the forebrain and interconnects the cerebral cortex, thalamus, and brainstem, and other brain areas. It controls voluntary motor movements, procedural learning, routine behaviors like teeth grinding, eye movements, cognition and emotion.
  • Nucleus Accumbens. Reward, pleasure, addiction, sex. Pleasure center that responds to dopamine. Physical pain and heartbreak or any emotional pain are all handled by the same receptors.
  • Ventral Pallidum. A loop of the basal ganglia, which also goes through the nucleus accumbens. It is involved in the regulation of motivation, behaviour, drug addiction, and emotions such as "wanting" (desire) and "liking" (pleasure). They are on different circuits. "Wanting" also goes to the lateral hypothalamus.
  • Ventral Tegmental Area (VTA). The VTA located in the midbrain is believed to affect the reward circuitry of the brain. It is also important in cognition, motivation, drug addiction, and several psychiatric disorders.
  • Septal Nuclei. Another pleasure center.
  • Globus Pallidus. A reward system that regulates emotions and voluntary movement on the subconscious level affection expressions such as joy or anger. The inner portion discharges and emits high pitched sound and the outer portion gives low-pitched sound.
  • Amygdala. It registers all emotions such as (fear, jealousy, rage, aggression, sexuality, face recognition, social-emotional determination, complex emotions, emotional memory and identifying danger). The amygdala learns what is most threatening and dangerous and registers tone and intensity of emotions and notifies the hypothalamus immediately if it should prepare for problems.
  • Hypothalamus. It receives information inside of our body to and from the organs and has different effects in different regions. Lateral hypothalamus (pleasure center, eating and drinking). Ventral medial nuclei (aversion center, decreases pleasure). Infundibulum (extreme rage, laughter). Suprachiasmatic nucleus (depression, low serotonin levels)
  • Thalamus. It receives outside information through our senses and sends it to other parts of the brain, such as the cortex or amydgala for further action.
  • Putamen. Subconscious execution of learned movements. It registers a perception of contempt and disgust connectied to the insula which registers feelings of distress or jealousy. Both are part of a "hate-circuit" and "love-circuit".
  • Insula (Insular Cortex or Island of Reil). Located in the cerebral cortex, and connected to the amygdala and thalamus. Some consider it part of the limbic system. It affects consciousness and integrates the mind and body displaying social emotions, things like lust and disgust, pride and humiliation, guilt and atonement. It gives moral intuition, empathy and the capacity to respond emotionally to music. Hunger, taste, craving, breathe, addiction, heat, cold, itch, tell fresh food from rotten, muscle ache, pain (anticipate or feel).

The Arm Tefillin Straps (Nerves). The box is placed on the biceps of the weaker arm. The pattern of wrapping seems to follow the branching of the peripheral nerves and veins and possibly the muscles and tendons in the arm. The wrap around the middle finger appears to be the median nerve. The symbolized muscles are the ones that move the elbow, wrists and fingers.


Controlling Actions By Controlling The Mind. One tefillin is bound to the forehead and another to the arm by straps. This suggests that the hand also has a structure that is a source of moral decision making and the capacity to learn. However, it probably means that control of the center in our brain can control what we do (work of the hand), like the straps or reins of a horse allow us to control the mighty beast.

The Brain Straps: Neurotransmiter Hormonal Pathway Controllers

The straps that tie the brain are the neurotransmiters which cause the creation of hormones through the hypothalamus. It drains into the blood which target a specific organ. The blood system ties the brain to the body through hormones.

I will list only 7 neurotransmitters.

  • Dopamine. It affects cognitive control and working memory (co-regulated by norepinephrine) mood, motivation, motor system function, reward perception (primary mediator), sexual arousal, orgasm, and refractory period (via neuroendocrine regulation like oxytocin and prolactin). There are four major dopamine pathways in the brain.
  • Mesolimbic Pathway (VTA Projections). The primary reward pathway which respond to all known addictions. It increases and transmits dopamine from the reward circuitry in the Ventral Tegmental Area (VTA) to the limbic system through the nucleus accumbens.
    » Pathway: Ventral Tegmental Area (VTA) → (Amygdala, Cingulate cortex, Hippocampus, Nucleus accumbens, Olfactory bulb, Prefrontal cortex)
  • Mesocortical Pathway (VTA → Prefrontal cortex). It is a pathway that slows down dopamine and connects the VTA to the cerebral cortex, in the frontal lobes. It dampens impulsivity, emotion and reactions and may be involved in schizophrenia. It is involved in cognitive control, motivation, and emotional response. The neurons are affected by dopamine, GABA, and glutamate.
  • Tuberoinfundibular Pathway (Arcuate nucleus → Hypothalamus). Dopamine regulates the secretion of prolactin from the anterior pituitary gland.
  • Nigrostriatal Pathway (Substantia nigra → Caudate nucleus and putamen). It connects the substantia nigra with the dorsal striatum involved in movement, in the basal ganglia motor loop. They release other neurotransmitters like glutamate and GABA neurons. Loss of dopamine in the substantia nigra contributes to Parkinson's disease.
  • Serotonin. Produced from tryptophan, serotonin is primarily found in GI tract, blood platelets, and the central nervous system (CNS). Approximately 10% of the human body's total serotoninin is produced by the CNS in the brain, but of is located in the gut, where it regulates intestinal movements.
    In
    the CNS it has various functions such as regulation of emotion and mood, possibly aggression, appetite, sleep, reward perception , some cognitive functions like memory and learning, and contributes to feelings of well-being and happiness.
    Serotonin is stored in the blood platelets where it serves as a vasoconstrictor and helps to regulate hemostasis and blood clotting. Serotonin is a growth factor for some types of cells where it promotes wound healing.
  • Pathways: Caudal nuclei (CN): → (Cerebral cortex, Thalamus, Caudate putamen and nucleus accumbens and Substantia nigra, ventral tegmental area)
  • Pathways: Rostral nuclei (RN): → (Amygdala, Cingulate cortex, Hippocampus, Hypothalamus, Neocortex, Septum, Thalamus, Ventral tegmental area)
  • Epinephrine (Adrenalin). It plays an important role in the fight-or-flight response by increasing blood flow to muscles, output of the heart, pupil dilation, and blood sugar.[6
  • Norepinephrine (Noradrenaline). It is the "fight or flight" response to stress or danger which mobilizes the brain and body for action. It is released by the central nervous system and the sympathetic nervous system. It increases or enhances arousal and alertness, vigilance, formation and retrieval of memory, focuses attention; restlessness and anxiety. increases heart rate and blood pressure, releases glucose from energy stores, blood flow to skeletal muscle, reduces blood flow to the gastrointestinal system, and promotes voiding of the bladder and large intestine. The most important source of norepinephrine in the brain is the locus coeruleus, located in the pons.
    Pathways: Locus Coeruleus (LC) → (Amygdala and Hippocampus, Brain stem and Spinal cord, Cerebellum, Cerebral cortex, Hypothalamus, Tectum, Thalamus, Ventral tegmental area)
    Pathways: Lateral Tegmental Field (LTF): → (Brain stem and Spinal cord, Olfactory bulb)
  • Histamine. It is involved in local immune responses as well as regulating physiological function in the gut and acting as a neurotransmitter. It is used in arousal and attention to increase wakefulness and prevent sleep, feeding and energy balance, learning, memory and sleep.
    Pathway: Tuberomammillary nucleus (TMN): → ( TMN Cerebral cortex, Hippocampus, Neostriatum, Nucleus accumbens, Amygdala, Hypothalamus)
  • Glutamate. It is the brain's main excitatory neurotransmitter, found in over 50% of nervous tissue. They are important for neural communication, memory formation, learning, and regulation.
  • GABA. It is the brain's main inhibitory neurotransmitter with glutamate as a precursor.
  • Acetylcholine. They play an important role in arousal (wakefulness and attention), motivation, emotion, learning, motor system function, short-term memory, reward perception. Inside the brain it alters the way other brain structures process information rather than as a chemical used to transmit information from point to point like those the motor neurons release in order to activate muscles.
    Pathways: Forebrain cholinergic nuclei (FCN): → (Hippocampus, cerebral cortex, limbic cortex, sensory cortex)
    Pathways: Brainstem cholinergic nuclei (BCN): → (Ventral tegmental area, Thalamus)

The Base: Hypothalamus

The hypothalamus mimics the design of the head and hand tefillin. The anterior pituitary is like the hand tefillin and the posterior pituitary is like the head tefillin, both are connected to the nerves and blood vessels (straps). It shows how the instructions from the neurotransmitters in the brain are sent to the rest of the body through an intricate circuitry that links messages from the nerves to hormones in the body that affect organs and the immune system.

There are 5 distinct target cells where the 6 releasing hormones gain access. They are all produced in the anterior pituitary

  • Anterior Pituitary (Head). The head tefillin has 4 compartments and the base and may be associated with the number of target cells. Hormones that are synthesized in the arcuate, paraventricular, periventricular and supraoptic nuclei of the hypothalamus control anterior pituitary hormone secretion.
  • Arcuate Nucleus or "Infundibular Nucleus" (Dopamine). It releases dopamine to inhibit prolactin secretion which stimulates lactogenesis (milk production). It inhibits the release of gonadotropin-releasing hormone, and makes growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH).
  • Periventricular. It does not have an effective blood–brain barrier. Dopamine inhibits prolactin release, regulates growth hormone with somatostatin and functions in analgesia (pain killer) and regulate body temperature. Different regions produce different hormones. Front (somatostatin and thyroid releasing hormone), Middle (thyroid releasing hormone, somatostatin, leptin, gastrin, neuropeptide y and GnRH). The back region aids in sympathetic nervous system regulation, and is regarded as the rage center.
  • Supraoptic Nucleus? Fluid balance, milk let-down, child birth.
  • Paraventricular. Some regulate appetite and autonomic functions in the brainstem and spinal cord. Others control various anterior pituitary functions.
  • Hypophyseal-Portal Blood. The infundibular stalk is the stem that attaches the pituitary to the hypothalamus. A network of capillaries (plexus) form around the stalk in the anterior pituitary where they stimulate the pituitary to make hormones. The six major hormones are manufactured in the pituitary, not the hypothalamus, then are released back into this plexus for release into the circulatory system.
    This structure may be the link to the functions of the base of the hand tefillin because it goes directly to the body.
  • Suprachiasmatic Nucleus (SCN). It is a tiny region located in the hypothalamus, situated directly above the optic chiasm and receives signals from the retina. It is responsible for controlling circadian rhythms by sendng information to other hypothalamic nuclei and the pineal gland to modulate body temperature and production of hormones such as cortisol and melatonin.
  • Posterior Pituitary (Hand). The hand tefillin has 1 compartment and the base. These go beyond the blood-brain barrier. The oxytocin and vasopressin that is released at the posterior pituitary gland enters the blood, and cannot re-enter the brain because the blood–brain barrier does not allow oxytocin and vasopressin through, but the oxytocin and vasopressin that is released from dendrites acts within the brain.
  • Paraventricular. Many neurons release oxytocin or vasopressin into the general circulation from the posterior pituitary.
  • Supraoptic Nucleus. Located at the base of the brain next to the optic chiasm. It produces vasopressin (anti-diuretic hormone (ADH)), via the bloodstream to cells in the kidneys, enhancing water reabsorption.So the hypothalamus-pituitary is seen as a door and powerful organ which consumes electrical impulses and distributes hormones via the heart-brain-lung system. It is connected to the heart because the blood vessels are also part of the system that distributes its products.
    What additional information could these symbols have in explaining the pituitary-hypothalamus system.
  • Shin (Teeth, Consume). The hypothalamus consumes all information by monitoring the blood and passes the information to the pituitary which sends the regulatory hormone into the blood.
  • Dalet (Door). The pituitary has two direct connections to the hypothalamus that bypass the rest of the blood stream. Remember that this knot is located within the pituitary where the nerves cross.
  • Pituitary Stalk. It connects the hypothalamus and the posterior pituitary.
  • Hypophyseal Portal System. It connects the hypothalamus and the anterior pituitary.
  • Yod (Power, Closed Hand). The body reacts, consciously or conconsciously, to the signals sent from the brain.

Consumed

The boxes are labelled with a symbol that means to eat or consume. Each box-controller system consumes specific items needed for its function. Each strap is connected to the base under the box, circles the box and crosses over like a knot and terminates at the back. The head tefillin terminates at the base of the neck near the cerebellum and the optic nerves break up in the cerebral cortex at the rear also where the visual cortex is located.

  • Brain. The hormonal pathways and circulatory system are the controlling devices. The brain consumes everything that is consumed by the five senses and all other controllers that are connected to it. External messages about the environment like temperature through the skin. It also gets information on orientation through the eyes and ears. It consumes chemical messages (hormones and drugs), images (Eyes), sound (ears), blood (nutrients, food, air) and chemicals (smells and blood borne chemicals) and drugs.
  • Pituitary. The optic nerves are the straps of the controller passing through the hypothalamus which controls hunger and thirst. The posterior pituitary is also integrated into the hypothalamus through the circulatory system. The hormones of this part of the pituitary are released directly from the axons and into the blood circulation.
  • Eye. The optic nerve carries messages to the brain through pictures and images. These images like pornograhy can trigger the dopamine reward centers and lead to addictions similar to addictions from food or drugs and hormones.
  • Ear-Semicircular Canal. It carries information about sound and orientation to the brain (pons and medulla) at the back of the head.
  • Mouth. The mouth consumes food and connectes to the digestive system and is distributed to the body before it terminates in the anus.
  • Brain-Heart. The circulatory system is the straps of the controller, crossing over in the heart.



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